Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Tense ( Sadašnje Složeno Vreme )


Način građenja:

Pomoćni glagol 'To have' + Past participle glavnog glagola.
Kod pravilnih glagola prošli particip gradimo tako što na infinitiv dodajemo nastavak -ed ( worked, studied...) Nepravilni glagoli imaju poseban past participle koji se mora naučiti napamet (went,spoken, seen...) dakle koristimo treću kolonu iz tabele neprevilnih glagola.


Proučite ovaj primer :



Tom is looking for his keys. He can't find it.
He has lost his keys.
He has lost his keys. To znači : Skoro je izgubio ključeve i još uvek ne može da ih nađe


Have/Has lost je Present Perfect







Jednina :                                    

- I have watched 
- You have watched
- He has watched
- She has watched
- It has watched

Množina :

- We have watched
- You have watched
- They have watched




Oblici :




Present perfect  koristimo :

Da opišemo radnju u neodređenoj prošlosti.
Takođe koristimo ovo vreme da  opišemo radnju ili stanje koje je pocelo u prošlosti a nastavlja se u sadašnjosti:

  • Tom has worked in Italy since 2006  (and he still work there)
  • He hasn't smoked for two years. ( and he still doesn't smoke)
  • They have lived here for 5 years. (and they still live there)
  • You don't need  your key. I've already opened the door ( and it's still open )


Sa prilozima kao što su ever, already,never,recently, yet,just...

  • She has never been in Spain.
  • My friend has been very busy recently.
Da opišemo radnju koja se desila u prošlosti a tačno vreme nam nije bitno:

  • They have watched this movie.
  • She has lost her keys.
  • Tom has changed his job.
Da govorimo o radnji koja se u skorije vreme završila:

  • Sarah has just washed her hair
  • We have just finished our lunch









15 comments:

  1. Nista posebno.Potrudili ste se ali sve izgleda kao objasnjenje iz neke gramatike . Prosecno 1/10 ocena 6,5

    ReplyDelete
  2. Svaka cast.Jednostavno objasnjenje i dobro objasnjeno.
    Super

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Jeste extra odradjeno i postavljeno

      Delete
  3. Hvala mnogo veoma korisno !
    Thanks , very useful ! :-)

    ReplyDelete
  4. Kratko, jasno, i koristno :) HVALA!

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  5. Odlično!!! Pomoci ce mi za sutrasnji referat!!!

    ReplyDelete
  6. Hvala, mnogo ste mi pomogli za sutrasnji blic test. :-)

    ReplyDelete
  7. Da li kod upitnog i odricnog oblika, kada je glagol pravilan, ide sa nastavkom 'ed' ili bez?

    ReplyDelete
  8. lepo ste objasnili

    ReplyDelete
  9. ovo je super objasnjenje ali mene na kontrolnom nista ne moze spasit :(

    ReplyDelete

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