Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Tense ( Sadašnje Složeno Vreme )


Način građenja:

Pomoćni glagol 'To have' + Past participle glavnog glagola.
Kod pravilnih glagola prošli particip gradimo tako što na infinitiv dodajemo nastavak -ed ( worked, studied...) Nepravilni glagoli imaju poseban past participle koji se mora naučiti napamet (went,spoken, seen...) dakle koristimo treću kolonu iz tabele neprevilnih glagola.


Proučite ovaj primer :



Tom is looking for his keys. He can't find it.
He has lost his keys.
He has lost his keys. To znači : Skoro je izgubio ključeve i još uvek ne može da ih nađe


Have/Has lost je Present Perfect







Jednina :                                    

- I have watched 
- You have watched
- He has watched
- She has watched
- It has watched

Množina :

- We have watched
- You have watched
- They have watched




Oblici :




Present perfect  koristimo :

Da opišemo radnju u neodređenoj prošlosti.
Takođe koristimo ovo vreme da  opišemo radnju ili stanje koje je pocelo u prošlosti a nastavlja se u sadašnjosti:

  • Tom has worked in Italy since 2006  (and he still work there)
  • He hasn't smoked for two years. ( and he still doesn't smoke)
  • They have lived here for 5 years. (and they still live there)
  • You don't need  your key. I've already opened the door ( and it's still open )


Sa prilozima kao što su ever, already,never,recently, yet,just...

  • She has never been in Spain.
  • My friend has been very busy recently.
Da opišemo radnju koja se desila u prošlosti a tačno vreme nam nije bitno:

  • They have watched this movie.
  • She has lost her keys.
  • Tom has changed his job.
Da govorimo o radnji koja se u skorije vreme završila:

  • Sarah has just washed her hair
  • We have just finished our lunch









9 comments:

  1. Nista posebno.Potrudili ste se ali sve izgleda kao objasnjenje iz neke gramatike . Prosecno 1/10 ocena 6,5

    ReplyDelete
  2. Svaka cast.Jednostavno objasnjenje i dobro objasnjeno.
    Super

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Jeste extra odradjeno i postavljeno

      Delete
  3. Hvala mnogo veoma korisno !
    Thanks , very useful ! :-)

    ReplyDelete
  4. Kratko, jasno, i koristno :) HVALA!

    ReplyDelete

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